Luster pragte the green bamberg

Luster pragte the green bamberg

After the state garden show is over, a man is remembered without whom the bamberger green spaces would have been much poorer: viktor luster (1882-1962). 50 years ago, on 15. October, he passed away. His appointment, when bamberg was looking for a successor for the aged city gardener gunzelmann in 1919, only zogerlich in the closer french surroundings, had gained momentum when the respected gardener and okonomierat robert mayer stepped in. At that time, luster was the municipal garden master in altona, hamburg's preubian neighboring city.

The then 39-year-old teacher's son from kirdorf in the taunus region had worked for the gardening firms specializing in decorative gardens in the lunar spa town of homburg v.D. Learned high school, then worked in charlottenburg, dresden and gnesen, so had been around a lot. From 1896 in the municipal service of altona, he became familiar at an early age with the rough reform plans and garden plans of this large city. It was recommended by none other than his supreme boss ferdinand tutenberg (1874-1949), who had been reforming green policy in altona as director of horticulture since 1913.

Tautness of form

its voice counted for a lot in germany at that time. The volkspark in altona has been a crude recreational facility for city dwellers in the industrial age since 1914. The design also showed a new tautness of form. Luster had certainly also experienced the development in neighboring hamburg, the city park there and the expansion of the main cemetery in ohlsdorf, with geometrically formed layouts in free designs of the individual, manifold, but nevertheless unified.

Oberburgermeister wachter had traveled to hamburg especially to see luster's work, and had reported to the magistrate. Luster also came to bamberg and brought suggestions with him, especially to pay more attention to the architectural and artistic aspect of the townscape and to emphasize the dominance of the regnitz arms. So he had very basic ideas about the city as a whole organism, just as hans erlwein had before him as the city's building councilor.

This was in line with a general idea of reform, according to the ideals of the 10. May 1887 in dresden founded "deutsche gesellschaft fur gartenkunst und landschaftspflege" (german society for gardening and landscape gardening).

New way to go

Luster became the 1. September 1921 and, as requested, was also assigned to the cemetery department. He immediately found the task of creating a new memorial for the founder's family dr. Wolf to create an appropriate environment in the north of the city cemetery. Here he created a new symmetrical pathway, which later became the center of other honorary graves.

He also designed the war memorial grounds there, together with the sculptor hans leitherer (1885-1963), in very geometric shapes, stylistically in keeping with the spirit of the times, with half-height, tightly trimmed hedges, thus combining garden art with architecturally sculptural elements.

Luster's concern was always for the grove, which he saved from sporting use. Here he created the botanical garden in luisenhain and landscaped the lake south of it. The volkspark was also the object of intensive planning. There the needs of urban population for physical refreshment could get a dwelling.

In the city, work was done on schonleinsplatz, the michelsberg courtyard, the rose garden in front of the bathhouse at geyersworth castle, markusplatz square and more. Luster was also concerned about the station forecourt. He soon made contact with josef kindshoven, who was already active here, and took part in his activities to advise the population on private flower decorations for their houses. He built a good urban garden as the basis of action.

He also often advised the general housing development in the east of the city. His handwriting is still clearly visible today in the historic bamberger stadtgrun.
After the end of the war, luster was dismissed because he had been a member of the NSDAP since 1935, but was reinstated after the spruchkammer proceedings and then retired for reasons of age.
On his round birthdays, articles appeared in the daily newspapers that praised his work. When he died in 1962, high representatives of the city took part, the mayor of the castle, theodor mathieu, laid a wreath at his grave.

In the latest inventory volume of the state office for the preservation of historical monuments you can already find a first appropriate appraisal

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